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Quick Facts about Ancient Paganism:

In order to understand the faiths of today, we must carefully explore the faiths of yesterday. The roots of Pagan religions run deep and strong in the history of mankind, influencing almost every aspect of human society. These faiths are legion, and it would be impossible to examine all with any shred of accuracy within the limited scope of this work. In view of this fact, the civilizations of Greece, Rome, Egypt, and Persia have been chosen based on their global influence, both ancient and modern, as well as their involvement in the occult.

Archaeological evidence reveals that man has always worshiped, always reached to a power he considered greater than human power-a power outside himself. The ruins of the world stand as monuments to these ceremonies, and ancient writings provide valuable details supporting the fact that religious faith was an integral part of man's history, uniquely rooted in realities both inside and outside himself: his spiritual nature, as evidenced by words and deeds, and the physical existence of the Divine, as evidenced by revelation and eyewitness testimony.(2)

In support of the biblical record, Wilhelm Schmidt maintained that all ancient cultures throughout the world originally contained the belief in a Supreme Being. He details the progression of ancient religious beliefs in his Origin and Growth of Religion: Schmidt argued for a universal Sky-God among many cultures, but only within Scripture do we see God's full identity revealed. The Bible also explains the serious nature of the offenses mankind committed so long ago. Human beings were created to fellowship with their Creator: to walk with God. The vast sum of human history portrays man's need to worship-to commune with the Father-and in his rejection of God, man deprived himself of this basic need, creating a spiritual void of immense proportions. Into this void came Satan. He actively instigated the separation of God and man; his one intention, "I will be like the Most High" (Isa. 14:14). He sought to gain the worship of God's most beloved creation: human beings, and in that gain, to destroy them. Idolatry was his goal, and he was brilliantly successful at it.

History details the progression of mankind's rebellion against the Father, his fateful choice to follow his own wisdom and that offered by anything or anyone other than God. From the first revolt in the garden of Eden, man wandered from the worship of the one true God, Elohiym.(4) The result of this rebellion was Paganism, with its inherent idolatry.

  1. Jones and Pennick. A History of Pagan Europe, 2.
  2. For more detailed information on these civilizations, including personal stories of life in the ancient world see Fordham University's Internet Ancient History Sourcebook,
  3. Adapted from Schmidt, The Origin and Growth of Religion, 264-273.
  4. Genesis 1:1 OT:430 plural of OT:433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God. New Exhaustive Strong's Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary, Biblesoft.